Accessing the Labour Market: Overview

Contextual Information

Poverty can be considered to manifest through two distinct mediums. Poverty through unemployment and in-work poverty. In 2012:

  • Glasgow had the highest percentage of worklessness households in Scotland, 30.2%.
  • This rate was higher than Dundee, 24%, Edinburgh, 19% and Aberdeen, 12.6%

The median wage per week in 2012/2013 was £440. A decrease of £9 on the previous year and the third consecutive year income has fallen.



Youth unemployment (16-24) is 20.6% is the highest of all age groups, but the least likely (11.6%) to be unemployed for 24 months or more. Put another way, approximately 4 in 10 young people are unemployed.

The unemployment rate of 20.6% for young people in Scotland is 0.5 percentage points higher than the UK rate.



Glasgow reports slightly higher levels of disability than all major cities and the national average within Scotland:

  • Inverclyde – 23.7%
  • West Dumbartonshire – 23.1%
  • Glasgow – 22.7%
  • North Ayrshire – 22.6%
  • Aberdeen – 16.0%
  • Edinburgh – 16.1%
  • Scottish Average – 19.6%

In Glasgow, the employment figure for disabled people is 33.5%, compared to 59.7% of non-disabled people.



The 2011 census highlights significant changes to the population of Glasgow:

  • Glasgow ethnic minorities have increased from 7.2% in 2001, to 15.4% in 2011 (41,900 to 91,600). This is significantly higher than the Scottish average (3.6% to 7.1%)
  • The other white population has increased the highest, +12,600, to 22,900, including 8,400 Polish people.
  • The Pakistani population has increased by 7,075 to 22,405.
  • The Chinese population has increased by 6,813, to 10,689.
  • The Indian population has increased by 4,500, to 8,640.

In 2011/2012, 28% of minority ethnic groups in Scotland lived in poverty before housing costs, compared to 15% of White-British groups.


Religion and Belief

Please see section for further information.



Close the gap highlight an 17.3% pay gap in weekly pay between male and females. In terms of hourly pay a 13.3% gap exists.


Sexual Orientation

Please see section for further information.